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Authentic Chinese chive and pork dumplings

Chinese chive and pork dumplings

Chinese chive and pork dumplings are the most traditional dim sum (called dianxin in Mandarin). Dumplings are called jiaozi in China. What you put inside these tiny delicious treats almost vary from family to family. However, the filling made with Chinese chives and pork is definitely a staple. So you must give it a try! They are super fragrant thanks to the strong garlicky flavour of the Chinese chives. Chinese chives pair super well with eggs or meat. Contrary to the chives we find in the regular supermarket used to garnish a plate, Chinese chives are commonly cooked.

Authentic Chinese chive and pork dumplings - Chinese chives
Chinese chives are easily recognizable thanks to their flat leaves
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Ingredients you’ll need for the Chinese chive and pork dumplings

Authentic Chinese chive and pork dumplings - the filling
Fragrant and moist Chinese chive and pork dumpling filling

Ground pork: while pork is widely consumed in China, I do understand some of you do not eat pork. You can totally use ground beef instead or even chicken or turkey. If you want to prepare the filling ahead of time and wrap the dumplings the next day, there’s no problem. Just make sure you use super fresh meat.

Chinese chives: to make the taste milder and prevent them from wilting (especially if you want to prepare the filling in advance) warm the vegetable oil and pour it over the freshly chopped chives. Add the sesame oil then mix well until the chives are well coated with the oil. This will lock the moist.

Dumpling wrappers: in this recipe I am using store bought wrappers that I find at the frozen section of my local Asian store. If you would like to learn how to make your own wrappers, check my recipe that I posted on my Instagram as well as the tutorial video I made for you. Homemade wrappers are more malleable as they can stretch out without breaking. But they are more time-consuming.

Dried shiitake mushrooms: soak them in lukewarm water for at least 30 minutes to rehydrate them. I usually do it the evening before, so they are ready to use when I am ready to head to my kitchen

Fresh ginger: because ginger is everything. Joke aside, ginger helps to neutralize the smell of the meat and gives it a nice fragrant. Skip it if you don’t like or don’t have any

Seasonings: here I use sesame oil, light soy sauce, shaoxing wine, salt, sugar, and white pepper that you can substitute with black pepper. I don’t make my filling too salty as we usually eat them with the dipping sauce. If you don’t have Shaoxing wine, use Japanese sake or white wine

How I wrap my Chinese chive and pork dumplings

Authentic Chinese chive and pork dumplings - wrapping
Practice makes perfect

You will find two folding techniques in the tutorial video that I included in the recipe card. I hope you’ll find helpful

Technique number 1

For the technique #1, place the filling in the middle of the wrapper. If you are using store-bought wrappers, apply a bit of water all around the wrapper so it will stick. Fold the wrapper in half. Pinch right at the middle on the edge with your thumb and middle finger. Then while you are holding the dumpling in one hand, use the other to make three pleats on each side of the dumpling.

As you can see while I hold the side of the wrapper that is closer to me with my thumb and index fingers, I use my other mobile fingers to push the wrapper towards the centre then press to make the pleat. Finally, I seal the dumpling by pressing down around the edges.

Technique number 2

For the second technique, the wrapping is slightly different as I make the pleats towards the same direction. Instead of pinching the wrapper at the middle on the edge, I hold the wrapper open around the filling between my thumb, index, and middle fingers. This way I make sure the dumpling won’t seal while I work on making the pleats.

I make six pleats towards the right by pushing the wrapper with my middle finger of the other hand. Again, I seal the dumpling by pressing down around the edges.

Don’t get frustrated if it is your first or second attempts. Practice makes perfect. The more you practice, the prettier they’ll become and the faster you’ll go.

What’s the good amount of filling per dumpling?

Authentic Chinese chive and pork dumplings - the perfect amount of filling
Press the filling down with the spoon so it is easier to make the pleats

I usually scoop out a heaped teaspoon of filling per dumpling that I press down while when placing it onto the wrapper. It will be trial and error learning process at the very beginning. Soon, you’ll know the right amount that works best for you.

If you add too much filling, you can simply remove some before you seal the dumpling. And if you add too little, that’s fine as well. It will be easier to wrap. You will most probably end up with leftover filling though. I usually either stir fry it in a pan and add it to fried rice or a bowl of noodles or make some meatballs.

How I cook my Chinese chive and pork dumplings?

Authentic Chinese chive and pork dumplings - pan frying
This cooking method will give you moist on the inside and crispy on the outside

There are three ways of cooking dumplings. You can either steam, boil or pan fry the dumplings. The latter is our favourite way as it gives the dumplings a nice crunchy bottom. Here is how I do:

  1. Heat up a large nonstick pan over medium high heat and add some neutral vegetable oil.
  2. Place the dumplings on the pan – leaving some space between them as they’ll expand.
  3. Let them crisp a bit before adding some warm water.
  4. The water level should reach at least halfway the dumplings. Then cover and lower the heat to medium low. Let the water evaporate until almost gone.
  5. Remove the lid and increase the heat to crisp the bottom. As soon as you see a nice golden colour around the dumplings, they are ready to serve.
  6. Either gently remove them one at a time and place bottom side up on a plate or place a large plate onto the pan and using two heat resistant kitchen gloves flip the pan over the plate.
  7. Serve immediately with the dipping sauce.

If you are a dumpling lover – no matter if Chinese or Japanese kinds, these chives and pork Chinese dumplings are a must try. If you crave for more, check my chicken dumpling recipe here as well as my Japanese gyoza recipe

Please let me know if my tutorial video have been helpful. I just can’t wait to hear from you! Stay connected with me on my Facebook page and Instagram where I share my daily cooking with the hope to inspire you for your dinner.

The authentic Chinese chive and pork dumplings

Recipe by Nourish by LuCourse: Dim sumCuisine: ChineseDifficulty: Medium
pieces

50

pieces
Prep time

1

hour 

30

minutes
Cooking time

15

minutes

The most authentic Chinese dumpling recipe filled with pork and fragrant Chinese chives

Ingredients

  • For the filling
  • 500 g ground pork

  • 250 g Chinese chives

  • 5 dried shiitake mushrooms

  • 2 tbsp vegetable oil + more for the cooking

  • 1 tbsp freshly grated ginger

  • 1 tbsp toasted sesame oil

  • 1 tbsp light soy sauce

  • 1 tbsp shaoxing wine

  • 1 tsp sugar

  • 1 tsp salt

  • some white pepper powder – can use black pepper

  • For the dipping sauce
  • 2 tbsp light soy sauce

  • 1 tbsp Chinese black rice vinegar – substitute with white rice vinegar

  • 1 tbsp water

  • Some thinly julienned fresh ginger – optional

Directions

  • Preparation of the Chinese chive and pork dumpling filling
  • Rehydrate the shiitake mushrooms ahead of time then finely chop them
  • Wash, drain and chop the Chinese chives. Transfer into a mixing bowl
  • Warm the vegetable oil over medium heat and pour it over the chives, add the sesame oil and combine well
  • Add the ground meat, the mushrooms as well as the ginger and seasonings
  • Mix well, always in a clockwise direction so the meat can absorb all the liquid
  • Wrapping the dumplings
  • Place a small bowl of water next to the filling and the wrappers if using store bought wrappers – skip if homemade
  • Dust some flour over a large baking tray
  • Place a wrapper over the inner face of your fingers and add a heaped teaspoon of the filling in the middle
  • Dip the index finger of your other hand into the bowl of water and apply a bit of water around the wrapper edges, then make six pleats – check my tutorial video on how to wrap
  • Pan frying the dumplings
  • Heat some vegetable oil in a nonstick pan and place some dumplings leaving some space between each other
  • Let the dumplings brown a bit and add some warm water – water level reaching halfway the dumplings
  • Cover and lower the heat. Let the water evaporates slowly until almost gone – prepare the dipping sauce in the meantime
  • Remove the lid and increase the heat to brown the bottom of the dumplings – they are ready when the edges are golden brown
  • Remove from the heat and serve the dumplings bottom up with the dipping sauce

Recipe Video

Notes

  • The dumplings can freeze really well. If you use homemade wrappers, freeze them uncooked on a baking tray. Just add a bit of water to the pan when pan frying them. If you use store brought that are often frozen wrappers, cook without browning them and freeze once cooled

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